A report titled “IoT Low Power Wireless Networks and 5G 2019-2029: Global Forecasts, Technologies, Applications” by IDTechEx Research, found that alongside the benefits of 5G there is also a growing pessimism.
The pessimism comes from many policymakers and telecom companies like Huawei, which is one of the leading 5G standard contributors. Their argument was that deployment of 5G will be very expensive for operators, requiring tens of thousands of new base stations per country and enormous investment in the structures upgrade.
IDTechEx notes that there were three main features which drove early 5G initiatives; enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), massive machine-type connections (mMTC), and ultra-reliable low-latency communications (uRLLC).
eMBB: Telecom companies believe that 5G will be able to deliver over 1 Gbit/s. In 2017, Qualcomm was the company to roll out the first 5G chip and reach a successful number. Also companies like Ericsson and NTT DoCoMo even achieved 10 Gbit/s in the 15GHz band. The fastest figure till now is 35 Gbit/s by M1 and Huawei for a trial in Singapore.
mMTC: A huge number of connections will be supported by vast numbers of connected devices, resulting in growth of IoT. 5G will allow more than 1 million devices connections per cell site or per km2 (200-400 for current networks).
uRLLC: This will focus on VR applications, self-driving vehicles, robot and remote medical services. The latency can be as low as 1 ms end-to-end (E2E) delay (53 ms for 4G and 64 ms for 3G).
Last month, Huawei intends to be the first to launch a 5G smartphone and plans to release around June 2019. It is reported that the company chose Taiwan’s Auras Technology for 0.4mm thick, large heat dissipation sheets as the first wave of 5G smartphones is said to be bigger in size and consumer a lot of power.